The umbrella movement

Speaking to CNN last weekChris Patten, the last British colonial governor of Hong Kong, criticized Yuen for pursuing jail terms for Wong and others after their case appeared settled.

The umbrella movement

Criticisms of globalization Supporters believe that by the late 20th century those they characterized as "ruling elites" sought to harness the expansion of world markets for their own interests; this combination of the Bretton Woods institutions, states, and multinational corporations has been called " globalization " or "globalization from above.

Corporations that use these institutions to support their own corporate and financial interests, can exercise privileges that individuals and small businesses cannot, [10] including the ability to: The movement aims for an end to the legal status of " corporate personhood " and the dissolution of free market fundamentalism and the radical economic privatization measures of the World Bankthe IMF, and the World Trade Organization.

Protest against the G8-meeting in Heiligendamm Activists are especially opposed to the various abuses which they think are perpetuated by globalization and the international institutions that, they say, promote neoliberalism without regard to ethical standards or environmental protection.

In light of the economic gap between rich and poor countries, adherents of the movement claim that free trade without measures to protect the environment and the health and wellbeing of workers will merely increase the power of industrialized nations often termed the "North" in opposition to the developing world's "South".

Proponents of this line of thought refer to the process as polarization and argue that current neo-liberal economic policies have given wealthier states an advantage over developing nations, enabling their exploitation and leading to a widening of the global wealth gap.

These activists also point out that heavy subsidization of developed nations' agriculture and the aggressive use of export subsidies by some developed nations to make their agricultural products more attractive on the international market are major causes of declines in the agricultural sectors of many developing nations.

Global opposition to neoliberalism[ edit ] Through the Interneta movement began to develop in The umbrella movement to the doctrines of neoliberalism which were widely manifested in the s when the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD proposed liberalization of cross-border investment and trade restrictions through its Multilateral Agreement on Investment MAI.

This treaty was prematurely exposed to public scrutiny and subsequently abandoned in November in the face of strenuous protest and criticism by national and international civil society representatives. Neoliberal doctrine argued that untrammeled free trade and reduction of public-sector regulation would bring benefits to poor countries and to disadvantaged people in rich countries.

Anti-globalization advocates urge that preservation of the natural environment, human rights especially workplace rights and conditions and democratic institutions are likely to be placed at undue risk by globalization unless mandatory standards are attached to liberalization.

Noam Chomsky stated in that The term "globalization" has been appropriated by the powerful to refer to a specific form of international economic integration, one based on investor rights, with the interests of people incidental.

That is why the business press, in its more honest moments, refers to the "free trade agreements" as "free investment agreements" Wall St. Accordingly, advocates of other forms of globalization are described as "anti-globalization"; and some, unfortunately, even accept this term, though it is a term of propaganda that should be dismissed with ridicule.

No sane person is opposed to globalization, that is, international integration. Surely not the left and the workers movements, which were founded on the principle of international solidarity—that is, globalization in a form that attends to the rights of people, not private power systems.

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Anti-war movement Bymany parts of the movement showed wide opposition to the impending invasion of Iraq. Many participants were among those 11 million or more protesters that on the weekend of February 15,participated in global protests against the imminent Iraq war.

Other anti-war demonstrations were organized by the antiglobalization movement: Critics of this type of argument have tended to point out that this is just a standard criticism of representative democracy — a democratically elected government will not always act in the direction of greatest current public support — and that, therefore, there is no inconsistency in the leaders' positions given that these countries are parliamentary democracies.

Appropriateness of the term[ edit ] Many participants see Noam Chomsky's quotes above consider the term "anti-globalization" to be a misnomer. Hamed Hosseini an Australian sociologist and expert in global social movement studiesargues that the term anti-globalization can be ideal-typically used only to refer to only one ideological vision he detects alongside three other visions the anti-globalistthe alter-globalist and the alter-globalization.

According to him, while the first two visions the alter-globalism and the anti-globalism represent the reconstructed forms of old and new left ideologies, respectively, in the context of current globalization, only the third one has shown the capacity to respond more effectively to the intellectual requirements of today's global complexities.

Underlying this vision is a new conception of justice, coined accommodative justice by Hosseini, [19] a new approach towards cosmopolitanism transversal cosmopolitanisma new mode of activist knowledge accommodative consciousnessand a new format of solidarity, interactive solidarity.

Some activists, notably David Graebersee the movement as opposed instead to neoliberalism or " corporate globalization ". He argues that the term "anti-globalization" is a term coined by the media, and that radical activists are actually more in favor of globalization, in the sense of "effacement of borders and the free movement of people, possessions and ideas" than are the IMF or WTO.

He also notes that activists use the terms "globalization movement" and "anti-globalization movement" interchangeably, indicating the confusion of the terminology. The term "alter-globalization" has been used to make this distinction clear.

While the term "anti-globalization" arose from the movement's opposition to free-trade agreements which have often been considered part of something called " globalization "various participants contend they are opposed to only certain aspects of globalization and instead describe themselves, at least in French-speaking organizations, as " anti-capitalist ", "anti- plutocracy ," or "anti- corporate.

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The term "anti-globalization" does not distinguish the international leftist anti-globalization position from a strictly nationalist anti-globalization position. Many nationalist movements, such as the French National FrontAustrian Freedom Partythe Italian Lega Nord[21] the Greek Golden Dawn [22] or the National Democratic Party of Germany [23] are opposed to globalization, but argue that the alternative to globalization is the protection of the nation-state.

Other groups, influenced by the Third Positionare also classifiable as anti-globalization. In response, the nationalist movements against globalization, argue that the leftist anti-globalization position is actually a support to alter-globalization.

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The umbrella movement

I see many people – scholars, journalists. ARZENU is the umbrella organization of Reform and Progressive Religious Zionists.

Founded in as an ideological grouping in the WZO. For those behind Hong Kong’s “umbrella movement”, the years that followed brought turbulence and self-doubt, as charted in a new documentary from the maker of Lessons in Dissent () and. We, the undersigned mayors, county executives, governors, tribal leaders, college and university leaders, businesses, faith groups, and investors are joining forces for the first time to declare that we will continue to support climate action to meet the Paris Agreement.

Salafi movement - Wikipedia

What is BDS? Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) is a Palestinian-led movement for freedom, justice and equality.

BDS upholds the simple principle that Palestinians are entitled to .

Neurodiversity: Some Basic Terms & Definitions