Geology[ edit ] The Spratly Islands consist of islands, reefs, banks and shoals that consist of biogenic carbonate. These accumulations of biogenic carbonate lie upon the higher crests of major submarine ridges that are uplifted fault blocks known by geologists as horsts. These horsts are part of a series of parallel and en echelon, half-grabens and rotated fault-blocks.
By Derek DeLuca Starting inChina began a concerted effort to establish large, artificial islands throughout the Spratly Island archipelago in the South China Sea China claims the entire sea and archipelago.
The undeniable purpose of such efforts is for China to control the archipelago, and therefore control the unquestionably important region. In addition to the above-named countries, any potential conflict in Southeast Asia could eventually draw in the United States to protect its interests and allies.
Most importantly, the United States and the Philippines have at least three treaties that would lead to a defense of the latter by China. The two nations remain close partners in the War on Terror, as Washington has sent thousands of troops and other resources to combat the Islamic insurgency in the Philippines.
China could very well use the Spratly Islands disagreement as a pretext to end the decades-long dispute with the island nation. India is also involved in the dispute, stationing naval units in Vietnamese waters, acting as a counterweight to Chinese aggression.
Simply put, most people around the world would potentially feel the impact of a major conflict in the area brought on by the Spratly Island dispute.
The South China Sea is a major transit point for maritime trade and shipping. In fact, the amount of oil passing through the South China Sea, via the Malacca Strait, is triple the amount that passes through the Suez Canal and fifteen times the amount that transits the Panama Canal.
Trillions of dollars worth of goods flow through the region, making any potential conflict over the Spratly Islands devastating to the world economy, including worldwide stock markets and consumer prices. That would affect everyone reading this article.
China, and the rest of the region, is interested in the Spratly Islands not only because it allows the controlling nation to regulate the trade of oil and other goods, but it can lead to control of the exploration of oil and natural gas in the South China Sea.
Geological Survey disputes these number, instead estimating that the region holds 5 to 22 billion barrels of oil and 70 to trillion cubic feet of gas. The fishing industry is extremely important to the region and especially China, given the size of its population.
The South China Sea accounts for about twelve percent of the worldwide seafood catch.
Since the Chinese coastline is seriously polluted, the Chinese government heavily subsidizes the Chinese fishing fleet, and especially encourages the fishing fleet to sail to the Spratly Islands. The importance of the region to the world economy and the stationing of United States military forces in the area, might lead to a concerted effort to prevent military confrontation.
Lassen within 12 nautical miles of Subi reef, which is claimed by China. Add instability on the Korean Peninsula, the massive militaries possessed by many Asian nations plus the United Statesand the increasing nationalistic behavior of economically distressed China, and the threat of war, or proxy war, between the United States and China and their respective allies is a real possibility.
It is a conflict that will affect all of us. It will cost all of us, in lives, wealth, comfort, and peace.
Starting inChina began a concerted effort to establish large, artificial islands throughout the Spratly Island archipelago in the South China Sea China claims the entire sea and archipelago.It started in China owning Spratly is the result of ww2.
Basically it was a war reparation package arranged by US who demanded Japan transferring all SCS islands to China. As part of the larger South China Sea dispute, the long-standing Spratly Islands dispute is an ongoing territorial dispute regarding ocean areas and the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands to the north – two island chains claimed in whole or in part by a number of countries.
The Spratly Islands dispute can be looked at from a variety of angles. In terms of national security, these islands are important due to their location in the South China Sea, where many merchant ships pass through to deliver goods, people, and energy products to Asian-Pacific countries.
Smaller countries such as the Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam have been fighting China’s military intimidation for the past 20 years (Lohman ).
China’s historical claim to the islands is weak; however, its strong military intimidation has kept it a key player in the Spratly Islands dispute. Why the Spratly Islands Dispute Matters By Derek DeLuca Starting in , China began a concerted effort to establish large, artificial islands throughout the Spratly Island archipelago in the South China Sea (China claims the entire sea and archipelago).
The Spratly Islands were, in , coral islets mostly inhabited by seabirds. Despite the Spratly Islands naturally consisting of 18 islands (see below), according to a Chinese source, the Spratly Islands consist of 14 islands or islets, 6 banks, submerged reefs, 35 underwater banks, 21 underwater shoals..
The northeast part of the Spratlys is known as Dangerous Ground and is.