The ancestors of Napoleon descended from minor Italian nobility of Tuscan origin who had come to Corsica from Liguria in the 16th century.
Waterloo Napoleon Bonaparte summary: Napoleon Bonaparte—Napoleon I, Emperor of France—was the greatest soldier of his age and ranks among the most renowned military leaders of all time.
The tactics he refined in the Napoleonic Wars heavily influenced European and American armies into the 21st century, but his legacy went beyond strictly military concerns. For nearly a quarter of a century his influence in politics, law, and military organization and tactics spread across most of Europe and parts of Africa and the MidEast.
The Napoleonic Code of laws did a great deal to standardize law across Europe and brought greater freedom to the peoples of the lands he conquered than they had previously known. Speed and shock were his primary weapons, and he coordinated the separate arms of infantry, cavalry and artillery effectively.
He organized his forces so that armies, corps and even divisions could go into battle and fight independently as needed. He chose skillful subordinates and then closely coordinated their efforts.
His chief of staff, Louis Alexandre Berthier, who was as much a master at handling logistics as Napoleon was a master of battlefield tactics, ably aided him. After years of successfully outmaneuvering and outfighting armies of several nations, he made the mistake of invading the vast stretches of Russia in Forced to abdicate, Napoleon was sentenced to exile on the island of Elba but escaped and returned to France in He attempted to resume his winning ways with a rapid strike to divide Anglo-Dutch and Prussian armies in Belgium in order to defeat them in detail, but he lost his final battle, south of Waterlooon June 15, Again forced to abdicate, he was exiled to the island of St.
Helena in the South Atlantic where he died in Part conquering megalomaniac, part revolutionary who brought greater freedoms to Europe as he expanded his empire, he left bloodshed and death in his wake but was dedicated to the advancement of France.
He said of himself, "Power is my mistress. His family was minor nobility with no military tradition, but he read military history voraciously and after an early education in "gentleman subjects," he attended a military school in France.
Graduating at age 16, he became a second lieutenant in the artillery. When Corsica declared independence from France in he severed all ties with the island; he was henceforth a Frenchman, through and through.
During the French Revolution —many army officers fled the country, as they were also nobility. This opened up opportunities for military advancement based on merit rather than birth status. The young Napoleon was handed such an opportunity during the siege of Toulon, a port city in southern France that had rebelled against the Parisians controlling the revolution.
The city had invited in British ships and turned command over to their officers. When the commander of the French artillery was wounded in September, Napoleon was named as his replacement.
He performed skillfully and played a vital role in the fall of the city on December 19, for which he was promoted to brigadier general. He always believed luck played a role in success, and Dame Fortune smiled upon him again in October When a Royalist revolt against the regime broke out in Paris, Napoleon squelched it with a "whiff of grapeshot" from a battery, killing and wounding hundreds and clearing the streets.
He was rewarded with command of the Army of Italy. Before leaving for his new position he married Josephine de Beauharnaiswhose husband had been guillotined during the Reign of Terror.Napoleon's political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.
  He was born Napoleone di Buonaparte (Italian: [napoleˈoːne di ˌbwɔnaˈparte]) in Corsica to a relatively modest family of Italian origin from the minor nobility. Napoleon was born the same year the Republic of Genoa, a former commune of Italy, transferred Corsica to France.
The state sold sovereign rights a year before his birth in , and the island was conquered by France during the year of his birth and formally incorporated as a province in , after years under nominal Genoese rule and 14 years of independence.
Napoleon Bonaparte Cloak and dictator: Napoleon’s legacy ‘An ardent republican’ who killed off a republic – no wonder his cloak has pride of place in Prince Charles’s birthday show. nəpō´lēən, Fr. näpôlāōN´ [key], –, emperor of the French, b. Ajaccio, Corsica, known as the Little.
The Napoleon Delusion trope as used in popular culture. A form of insanity far more common in fiction than reality, the delusion that one is a famous person . Do we need kings? Can people govern themselves? What rights do we all have?
Can science and understanding uplift all of humanity? This topic lays the foundation for our modern thinking about the world.
From democratic revolutions to the establishment of empires backed by industrial power.