East of the plain and the Shfela is a mountainous ridge, the "hill country of Judah" in the south, the "hill country of Ephraim" north of that, then Galilee and Mount Lebanon. To the east again lie the steep-sided valley occupied by the Jordan Riverthe Dead Seaand the wadi of the Arabahwhich continues down to the eastern arm of the Red Sea.
Israel and the Assyrians From the disruption of the Israelite Monarchy c. One, as discussed in preceeding lectures, was the rapid rise to power of the Arameans of Damascus. The otheer, seen to be partly concomitant with it, was the ominous advance of a newly awakened Assyria, whose encroachments upon the west led to the most perpelexing changes in the state of affairs in Syria.
Now the Arameans were engaged in bitter warfare against the Israelites, now in alliance with them against the Assyrians. In the period following Hazael's death c. This was made possibleby victories over the Arameans and an extended hiatus in the Assyrian advance in the west.
But the Assyrian lull was only the stillness that preceded the storm, which was eventually to break with such violence as to sweep away both Damascus and Israel as well.
Israel and the Decline of Damascus However, before Assyria's protracted withdrawal from central and south Syria, Adadnirari III BC was able to strike a terrific blow at Damascus which was sufficiently crippling to enable the Israelites to throw off the shackles the Arameans and fastened upon them and to regain their former boundaries.
On the inscribed stele of this Assyrian king discovered in Adadnirari writes: Against Aram [Syria] I marched. Mari', king of Aram, in Damascus his royual city, I shut up.
The terrifying splendor of assur [the national god of the Asyrians] By the enigmatic appelation Mari' "my lord" the Assyrians evidently refer to Hazael toward the latter end of whose reign there was a decisive weakening of Aramean power, rather than to his son and successor, Benhadad II.
In any case, there are no grounds for inserting another king named Mari' either before or after Benhadad II. The "name" is rather to be construed as "the title which had replace dthe royal name in current language" and which in this instance was employed by Adadnirari III for Hazael, since it is difficult to place Hazael's death earlier than BC.
Joash and Benhadad II. The task of restoring Israelite fortunes was reserved for Joahaz, the twefth king of Israel c. Three times did Joash smite him, and recovered the cities of Israel" 2 Kings Benhadad II, accordingly, signally failed to protect the Syrian conquests his father Hazael had won in the south.
Joash's vigorous restoration of the Israelite state, indicated not only by his Aramean successes but also by important victories won in a war with Amaziah of Judah 2 Kings Benhadad II and Zakir of Hamath.
Although Aramean power suffered in southern Syria, the prestige of Benhadad II displayed remarkable vitality in the north, as shown by the important stele of Zakir, king of Hamath, discovered in at modern Afis southwest of Aleppo in northern Syria. This important monument, published by the discoverer H.
Pognon inmakes a significant reference in lines four and five to Benhadad II. Under the Aramaic form of the name, "Barhadad, son of Hazael, king of Aram" is presented as heading a coalition of twelve to eighteen kings against "Zakir, king of Hamath and Lu'ash".
The operations of the confederacy, in which only seven of the kings take part, as Zakir expressly mentions, are directed against Hazrek biblical Hadrach of Zechariah 9: The real cause of the attack of the hostile coalition under Benhadad II was the merger of two powerful and independent states, Hamath and Lu'ash.
This political move so upset the balance of power in Syria, and was attended with such a seriious threat to the autonomy of Damascus and other Syrian states, that they were ready to go to war in order to break it up. Benhadad iI especially had reason to be made sensitive to any added threat to Syrian power since his losses to Israel in the south had seriously curtailed his sway in that direction.
Moreover, Zakir's victory over the coalition, in the celebration of which he set up his stele, furnished another indication of declining Aramean might. Jeroboam II and the Subjugation of Damascus.In approximately BCE, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, attacked the fortified cities of Judah, laying siege on Jerusalem, but failed to capture it (it is the only city mentioned as being besieged on Sennacherib's Stele, of which the capture is not mentioned).
Ancient Jewish History: The Two Kingdoms about a century later. In , the Assyrian Sennacherib would gain territory from Judah, and the Jews would have suffered the same fate as the Israelites. But Judah soon fell victim to the power struggles between Assyrians, Babylonians, and Egyptians.
When Josiah's son, Jehoahaz, became king, . Mar 15, · At his return to Assyria Sennacherib installed Bel-ibni as king of Babylon (ABC 1 Col). Bel-ibni however committed hostilities, so Sennacherib returned to Babylon in BC and captured him and his officers. Mar 15, · What did the Assyrian political system entail?
Please give me some helpfull links on this subject. The priesthood became a major power in Assyrian society. Conflicts with the priesthood were probably behind the murder of king Tukulti-Ninurta I.
Marduk-apla-iddina had returned to Babylonia during the reign of Sennacherib. During the fall of Babylonia and other ancient Middle Eastern lands, the Israelites and their surrounding neighbors endured an extensive period of conflict. In the middle of the ninth century B.C.E., two kingdoms were placed across the Jordan River from one another.
King Sennacherib was the. Although Judah was a vassal of Assyria during this time and paid an annual tribute to the powerful empire, it was the most important state between Assyria and Egypt.
When Hezekiah became king of Judah, he initiated widespread religious changes, including the breaking of religious idols.