What are the potential dangers of each, in the same areas? When it comes to governance and laws on the international level, there are many more variables to be considered that on the national level. At the national level, the body being governed most likely practices the same or similar cultural values and ethics. At the international level, the variance between cultures makes it difficult to say what is right and what is wrong.
Those who do not rise to the minimal moral level of applying to themselves the standards they apply to others -- more stringent ones, in fact -- plainly cannot be taken seriously when they speak of appropriateness of response; or of right and wrong, good and evil.
In fact, one of the, maybe the most, elementary of moral principles is that of universality, that is, If something's right for me, it's right for you; if it's wrong for you, it's wrong for me.
Any moral code that is even worth looking at has that at its core somehow. As such, models of moral universalism may be atheistic or agnosticdeistic in the case of several Enlightenment philosophersmonotheistic in the case of the Abrahamic religionsor polytheistic in the case of Hinduism.
Various systems of moral universalism may differ in various ways on the meta-ethical question of the nature of the morality, as well as in their substantial normative content, but all agree on its universality.
History This section requires expansion. An enormous range of traditions and thinkers have supported one form or another of moral universalism, from the ancient Platonists and Stoicsthrough Christians and Muslimsto modern KantianObjectivistnatural rightshuman rights and utilitarian thinkers.A second conception of universalism in ethics emphasizes the content as well as the form and scope of principles.
Principles which hold for everybody will prescribe or recommend the same for everybody (same obligations, same rights, same virtues and so on).
Moral universalism (also called moral objectivism or universal morality) is the meta-ethical position that some system of ethics, or a universal ethic, applies universally, that is, for "all similarly situated individuals", regardless of culture, race, sex, religion, nationality, sexuality, or other distinguishing feature.
A highly influential system of philosophy and ethics, moral universalism is the belief that there is a universal system of values that transcends race, ethnicity, gender, and nationality. Although closely tied to moral absolutism, it avoids placing acts entirely out of context with the larger sociopolitical landscape.
The moral universalism-relativism debate Katinka J.P. Quintelier (Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research) Delphine De Smet (Ghent University) Daniel M.T.
Fessler (Department of Anthropology, University of California) Introduction Theories of moral relativism have long . Moral universalism is the position in meta-ethics that some moral values, or moral system, can be applied universally to everyone — or at least everyone in similar circumstances.
It is also known as universal morality, moderate moral realism or minimal moral realism, and is a form of ethical objectivism. Moral universalism through human rights has actually become commonly accepted in recent years. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, released by the United Nations in , as well as the Geneva Conventions (which specify reasonable treatment of detainees of battle) are based upon the concept of moral universalism.